In Indexed Addressing is similar to Zero-Page Indexed Addressing, except that in Indexed Addressing you have ton include full 2-byte address. In this mode, the address is added to the value either by the X or Y index register. Most opcodes support the X index register for the offset, but an additional handful also support the Y index register.
The benefit of Indexed addressing is that you can quickly loop through memory by simply increasing or decreasing the offset.
This example uses Indexed Addressing to store #$7F into all the memory from 1000-10FF. Line 0005 uses Indexed Addressing.
0001:A9 7F LDA #$7F ; Load A with 7F. 0003:A2 FF LDX #$FF ; Load X with FF. 0005:9D 00 10 STA $1000,X ; Store A into $1000 offset with X. 0008:CA DEX ; Decrement X. 0008:30 FB BPL $0005 ; Goto $0005 while X is not -1.
Since Indexed addressing can be both on the X and Y index registers, both are listed here separately.
X Index Register
The following opcodes support Indexed addressing using the X index register:
Y Index Register
The following opcodes support Indexed addressing using the Y index register: