Difference between revisions of "New Testament"

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==Criticisms==
 
==Criticisms==
===Incorrect Authors===
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===Authorship===
There is much conjecture and debate about the authors of the books in the New Testament canon. In most of them the author identifies himself, but nine are are anonymous. Regardless, church tradition has assigned an author to each work. Christian tradition generally accepts nine different authors of all 27 books, but there is disagreement among the various denominations. Historians, however, have a very different approach to the New Testament, and believe that the majority of the books are not written by either the church-assigned authors or the the authors named in the books.
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There is much conjecture and debate about the authors of the books in the New Testament canon. Excluding letters attributed to Paul, most of the authors don't identify themselves, but church tradition has assigned authors to each work regardless. Among the 27 books, there are only four distinct authors who explicitly identify themselves, however Christian tradition generally accepts nine, but there is disagreement among the various denominations. Historians, however, have a very different approach to the New Testament, and believe that the majority of the books are not written by either the church-assigned authors or the the authors named in the books, and suggest around 15-20 different authors. The table below lists each book, if the author identifies himself and how they do, the traditionally attributed author, what historians generally say, and, assuming the historians are accurate, what it means for the authorship.
  
 
{| class="wikitable" |
 
{| class="wikitable" |
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| [[Gospel of Matthew]] || None || [[Matthew the Apostle]] || Unknown, unlikely Matthew || Tradition is probably wrong.
 
| [[Gospel of Matthew]] || None || [[Matthew the Apostle]] || Unknown, unlikely Matthew || Tradition is probably wrong.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Gospel of Mark]] || None || [[Mark the Evangelist]], [[Saint Peter]] || Unknown, unlikely Matthew || Tradition is probably wrong.
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| [[Gospel of Mark]] || None || [[Mark the Evangelist]], [[Saint Peter]] || Unknown, unlikely Mark || Tradition is probably wrong.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Gospel of Luke]] || None || [[Luke the Evangelist]] || Unknown, same author as Acts, unlikely Luke || Tradition is probably wrong.
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| [[Gospel of Luke]] || None || [[Luke the Evangelist]] || Unknown, unlikely Luke, probably same author as Acts || Tradition is probably wrong.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Gospel of John]] || None || [[John the Evangelist]] || Unknown, unlikely John || Tradition is probably wrong.
 
| [[Gospel of John]] || None || [[John the Evangelist]] || Unknown, unlikely John || Tradition is probably wrong.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Acts of the Apostles]] || None || [[Luke the Evangelist]] || Unknown, same author as Luke, unlikely Luke || Tradition is probably wrong.
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| [[Acts of the Apostles]] || None || [[Luke the Evangelist]] || Unknown, unlikely Luke, probably same author as Luke || Tradition is probably wrong.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Epistle to the Romans]] || Paul || [[Paul the Apostle]] || [[Paul the Apostle]] || Probably accurate.
 
| [[Epistle to the Romans]] || Paul || [[Paul the Apostle]] || [[Paul the Apostle]] || Probably accurate.

Revision as of 16:02, 21 May 2018

The New Testament is a collection of ancient writings put together by Christians and believed by them to describe the foundations of their religion. Which specifics writings should be viewed as "canon," or official, was a matter of great debate in the past, but now, most branches of Christianity agree on a single set of 27 writings. However, as most New Testament scholars now point out, a large portion of these writings are thought to have been modified from their original form, or, in several cases, completely fraudulent.

List of Writings

Additional Writings

Criticisms

Authorship

There is much conjecture and debate about the authors of the books in the New Testament canon. Excluding letters attributed to Paul, most of the authors don't identify themselves, but church tradition has assigned authors to each work regardless. Among the 27 books, there are only four distinct authors who explicitly identify themselves, however Christian tradition generally accepts nine, but there is disagreement among the various denominations. Historians, however, have a very different approach to the New Testament, and believe that the majority of the books are not written by either the church-assigned authors or the the authors named in the books, and suggest around 15-20 different authors. The table below lists each book, if the author identifies himself and how they do, the traditionally attributed author, what historians generally say, and, assuming the historians are accurate, what it means for the authorship.

Book Author From Book Traditional Author Historian's Opinion Verdict
Gospel of Matthew None Matthew the Apostle Unknown, unlikely Matthew Tradition is probably wrong.
Gospel of Mark None Mark the Evangelist, Saint Peter Unknown, unlikely Mark Tradition is probably wrong.
Gospel of Luke None Luke the Evangelist Unknown, unlikely Luke, probably same author as Acts Tradition is probably wrong.
Gospel of John None John the Evangelist Unknown, unlikely John Tradition is probably wrong.
Acts of the Apostles None Luke the Evangelist Unknown, unlikely Luke, probably same author as Luke Tradition is probably wrong.
Epistle to the Romans Paul Paul the Apostle Paul the Apostle Probably accurate.
First Epistles to the Corinthians Paul Paul the Apostle Paul the Apostle Probably accurate.
Second Epistles to the Corinthians Paul Paul the Apostle Paul the Apostle Probably accurate.
Epistle to the Galatians Paul Paul the Apostle Paul the Apostle Probably accurate.
Epistles to the Ephesians Paul Paul the Apostle Maybe Paul Maybe a fraud.
Epistle to the Philippians Paul Paul the Apostle Paul the Apostle Probably accurate.
Epistles to the Colossians Paul Paul the Apostle Maybe Paul Maybe a fraud.
First Epistle to the Thessalonians Paul Paul the Apostle Paul the Apostle Probably accurate.
Second Epistle to the Thessalonians Paul Paul the Apostle Maybe Paul Maybe a fraud.
First Epistle to Timothy Paul Paul the Apostle Unknown, unlikely Paul Probably a fraud.
Second Epistle to Timothy Paul Paul the Apostle Unknown, unlikely Paul Probably a fraud.
Epistle to Titus Paul Paul the Apostle Unknown, unlikely Paul Probably a fraud.
Epistle to Philemon Paul Paul the Apostle Paul the Apostle Probably accurate.
Epistle to the Hebrews None Paul the Apostle Unknown, unlikely Paul Tradition is probably wrong.
Epistle of James James James the Just Several people named James, maybe one. Maybe accurate.
First Epistle of Peter Peter Saint Peter Unknown, unlikely Peter or author of II Peter Probably a fraud.
Second Epistle of Peter Simon Peter Saint Peter Unknown, unlikely Peter or author of I Peter Probably a fraud.
First Epistle of John None John the Evangelist Unknown, unlikely John Tradition is probably wrong.
Second Epistle of John None John the Evangelist Unknown, unlikely John Tradition is probably wrong.
Third Epistle of John None John the Evangelist Unknown, unlikely John Tradition is probably wrong.
Epistle of Jude Jude James the Apostle Maybe Jude Maybe accurate.
Revelation Unclear John the Evangelist Unknown, unlikely John Tradition is probably wrong.

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