Difference between revisions of "Nintendo"

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[[Image:Nintendo - Logo.svg|thumb|256x256px|Nintendo's logo.]]
 
[[Image:Nintendo - Logo.svg|thumb|256x256px|Nintendo's logo.]]
  
'''Nintendo''' is a Japanese entertainment company founded in 1889 and headquartered in Kyoto, Japan. The company began as a manufacturer of playing cards, but got into the electronic gaming industry in the 1970s. They are now one of the largest video game companies in the world. Over the years, Nintendo has created arcade cabinets, dedicated home video game systems, video game consoles, hand held gaming devices, hundreds of games, dozens of video game peripherals, magazines, comic books, television shows, and even breakfast cereals.
+
'''Nintendo''' is a Japanese entertainment company founded in 1889 and headquartered in Kyoto, Japan. The company began as a manufacturer of playing cards, but got into the electronic gaming industry in the 1970s. They are now one of the largest video game companies in the world. Over the years, Nintendo has created arcade cabinets, dedicated home video game systems, video game consoles, hand held gaming devices, hundreds of games, dozens of video game peripherals, magazines, comic books, television shows, and even breakfast cereals. In addition to creating several of the world's largest video game franchises, the company is also responsible for defining many of the video game mechanics and genres in the medium.
  
I became aware of Nintendo in the mid-1980s with the American release of the [[Nintendo Entertainment System]]. I first saw it played at my baby-sitter's house who owned an NES with [[Super Mario Bros.]], [[Popeye (Video Game)|Popeye]], and a couple other games. I remember being amazed by it, but our baby-sitters (whom I hated) wouldn't let us play with it. A short while later, my brother and I bought an NES with our combined paper route money. We both bought and rented various games over the years. Nintendo fever was in full force at this time, and the majority of my friends had an NES and plenty of games. I was severely engrossed in video gaming, and it's mostly due to Nintendo. Around 1992, I got a [[Super Nintendo Entertainment System]] for Christmas and played many games. After the [[Nintendo 64]] came out, I was becoming less interested in dedicated video game consoles, and I haven't bought a new system since.
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==Personal==
 +
I became aware of Nintendo in the mid-1980s with the American release of the [[Nintendo Entertainment System]]. I first saw it played at my baby-sitter's house who owned an NES with ''[[Super Mario Bros.]]'', ''[[Popeye (Video Game)|Popeye]]'', and a couple other games. I remember being amazed by it, but our baby-sitters (whom I hated) wouldn't let us play with it. A short while later, my brother and I bought an NES with our combined paper route money. We both bought and rented various games over the years. Nintendo fever was in full force at this time, and the majority of my friends had an NES and plenty of games. I was severely engrossed in video gaming, and it's mostly due to Nintendo. Around 1992, I got a [[Super Nintendo Entertainment System]] for Christmas and played many games. After the [[Nintendo 64]] came out, I was becoming less interested in dedicated video game consoles, and I haven't bought a new system since.
  
I've read a couple books about the history of Nintendo, and I've become a bit disenfranchised with them. Despite their fun and playful public face they've actually been a very ruthless company that relied on anti-competitive tactics and shady business deals to become as popular as they were.
+
I've read a couple books about the history of Nintendo, and I've become a bit disenfranchised with them. Despite their fun and playful public face they've actually been a very ruthless company that relied on anti-competitive tactics, shady business deals, and sold faulty hardware to become as popular as they were.
  
 
==Video Game Platforms==
 
==Video Game Platforms==
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===Consoles===
 
===Consoles===
* [[Famicom]]
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<gallery>
* [[Famicom Disk System]]
+
Famicom.jpg|[[Famicom]]
* [[Nintendo Entertainment System]]
+
NES - USA.jpg|[[Nintendo Entertainment System]]
* [[Super Nintendo Entertainment System]]
+
Famicom Disk System.jpg|[[Famicom Disk System]]
* [[Nintendo 64]]
+
Super Famicom - With Controller.jpg|[[Super Famicom]]
 +
SNES - USA.jpg|[[Super Nintendo Entertainment System]]
 +
Nintendo 64.jpg|[[Nintendo 64]]
 +
GameCube - With Controller.jpg|[[GameCube]]
 +
</gallery>
  
===Handheld===
+
===Handhelds===
* [[Game Boy]]
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<gallery>
* [[Game Boy Color]]
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Game Boy - Original.png|[[Game Boy]]
* [[Game Boy Advance]]
+
Game Boy Color - Transparent Pink.jpg|[[Game Boy Color]]
* [[Nintendo DS]]
+
Game Boy Advance - Indigo.jpg|[[Game Boy Advance]]
 +
Nintendo DS - Titanium.jpg|[[Nintendo DS]]
 +
</gallery>
  
 
==Games==
 
==Games==
Line 27: Line 34:
  
 
===[[Game Boy]]===
 
===[[Game Boy]]===
* [[Super Mario Land]]
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<gallery>
* [[Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins]]
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Donkey Kong - GB - USA.jpg|''[[Donkey Kong (Game Boy)|Donkey Kong]]''
* [[The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening]]
+
Kid Icarus - Of Myths and Monsters - GB - EU.jpg|''[[Kid Icarus: Of Myths and Monsters]]''
* [[Metroid II: Return of Samus]]
+
Kirby's Dream Land 2 - GB - USA.jpg|''[[Kirby's Dream Land 2]]''
 +
Legend of Zelda, The - Link's Awakening - GB - USA.jpg|''[[The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening]]''
 +
Metroid 2 - GB - USA.jpg|''[[Metroid II: Return of Samus]]''
 +
Super Mario Land - GB - USA.jpg|''[[Super Mario Land]]''
 +
Super Mario Land 2 - GB - USA.jpg|''[[Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins]]''
 +
Tetris - GB - USA.jpg|''[[Tetris (Nintendo)|Tetris]]''
 +
</gallery>
  
 
===[[Game Boy Advance]]===
 
===[[Game Boy Advance]]===
* [[The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap]]
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<gallery>
* [[Metroid Fusion]]
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Legend of Zelda, The - Minish Cap, The - GBA - USA.jpg|''[[The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap]]''
* [[Metroid: Zero Mission]]
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Metroid Fusion - GBA - USA.jpg|''[[Metroid Fusion]]''
 +
Metroid - Zero Mission - GBA - USA.jpg|''[[Metroid: Zero Mission]]''
 +
</gallery>
  
===[[Nintendo Entertainment System|NES]]===
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===[[Nintendo Entertainment System]]===
* [[The Legend of Zelda]]
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<gallery>
* [[Metroid]]
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Kid Icarus - Angel Land Story - NES - USA.jpg|''[[Kid Icarus: Angel Land Story]]''
* [[Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!!]]
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Legend of Zelda, The - NES - USA.jpg|''[[The Legend of Zelda]]''
* [[Super Mario Bros.]]
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Metroid - NES - USA.jpg|''[[Metroid]]''
* [[Super Mario Bros. 2]]
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Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!! - NES - USA.jpg|''[[Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!!]]''
* [[Super Mario Bros. 3]]
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Super Mario Bros. - NES - USA.jpg|''[[Super Mario Bros.]]''
* [[Tetris (Nintendo)|Tetris]]
+
Super Mario Bros. 2 - NES - USA.jpg|''[[Super Mario Bros. 2]]''
 +
Super Mario Bros. 3 - NES - USA.jpg|''[[Super Mario Bros. 3]]''
 +
Tetris - NES - USA.jpg|''[[Tetris (Nintendo)|Tetris]]''
 +
Zelda II - Adventure of Link, The - NES - USA.jpg|''[[Zelda II: The Adventure of Link]]''
 +
</gallery>
  
 
===[[Nintendo 64]]===
 
===[[Nintendo 64]]===
* [[Mario Kart 64]]
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<gallery>
 +
Super Mario 64 - N64 - USA.jpg|''[[Super Mario 64]]''
 +
Mario Kart 64 - N64 - UK.jpg|''[[Mario Kart 64]]''
 +
</gallery>
  
===[[Super Nintendo Entertainment System|SNES]]===
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===[[Super Nintendo Entertainment System]]===
* [[The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past]]
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<gallery>
* [[SimCity (SNES)|SimCity]]
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Legend of Zelda, The - Link to the Past, A - SNES - USA.jpg|''[[The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past]]''
* [[Super Mario World]]
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SimCity - SNES - USA.jpg|''[[SimCity (SNES)|SimCity]]''
* [[Super Metroid]]
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Super Mario All-Stars - SNES - USA.jpg|''[[Super Mario All-Stars]]''
 +
Super Mario World - SNES - USA.jpg|''[[Super Mario World]]''
 +
Super Metroid - SNES - USA.jpg|''[[Super Metroid]]''
 +
</gallery>
  
 
==Publications==
 
==Publications==
 
Note: Several of these publications were made by other companies on behalf of Nintendo.
 
Note: Several of these publications were made by other companies on behalf of Nintendo.
* [[The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past (Manga)]]
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* ''[[Adventure Hero's Books]]''
* [[Nintendo Comics System]]
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* ''[[The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past (manga)]]''
* [[Nintendo Power]]
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* ''[[Nintendo Comics System]]''
* [[The Official Nintendo Player's Guide]]
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* ''[[Nintendo Power]]''
* [[Super NES Player's Guide]]
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* ''[[Nintendo Power Flash]]''
* [[Wanpakku Comics]]
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* ''[[Nintendo Player's Guide]]''
* [[Adventure Hero's Books]]
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* ''[[The Official Nintendo Player's Guide]]''
 +
* ''[[Wanpakku Comics]]''
  
 
==Film==
 
==Film==
 
Note: Several of these films were made by other companies on behalf of Nintendo.
 
Note: Several of these films were made by other companies on behalf of Nintendo.
  
* [[The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3]]
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* ''[[The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3]]''
* [[Captain N: The Game Master]]
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* ''[[Captain N: The Game Master]]''
* [[The Legend of Zelda (TV Show)]]
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* ''[[The Legend of Zelda (TV series)]]''
* [[Super Mario Bros. (Film)]]
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* ''[[Super Mario Bros. (film)]]''
* [[The Super Mario Super Show]]
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* ''[[The Super Mario Super Show]]''
* [[Super Mario World (TV Show)]]
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* ''[[Super Mario World (TV series)]]''
  
 
==Other==
 
==Other==
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==Staff==
 
==Staff==
These are people who are employed by (or were employed by) Nintendo whose work I appreciate.
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These are people who are (or were) employed by Nintendo whose work I appreciate.
  
 
* [[Hirokazu Tanaka]]
 
* [[Hirokazu Tanaka]]
 +
* [[Hiroshi Yamauchi]]
 
* [[Kazuaki Morita]]
 
* [[Kazuaki Morita]]
 
* [[Koji Kondo]]
 
* [[Koji Kondo]]
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* [[Toshihiko Nakago]]
 
* [[Toshihiko Nakago]]
 
* [[Yukio Kaneoka]]
 
* [[Yukio Kaneoka]]
 +
 +
==Regional Codes==
 +
This table lists the regional codes used by Nintendo in their game catalog numbers. New codes were added over the years as publications became more targeted. Some early NES releases do not have a region code, but display the region in text on the label. Manuals often have a different code than the box in regions which have several languages. Some of the codes (EUR and UKV especially) are often used a catch-all codes for many continents.
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! Code !! Name !! Nations
 +
|-
 +
| ASI || Asia || China, South Korea (Early NES carts didn't have a region code)
 +
|-
 +
| ASM || Asia (and Malaysia)? ||
 +
|-
 +
| AUS || Australia || Australia, New Zealand
 +
|-
 +
| CAN || Canada || Canada
 +
|-
 +
| CHN || China || China
 +
|-
 +
| DAN || Denmark || Denmark
 +
|-
 +
| EAH || || Belgium, The Netherlands
 +
|-
 +
| EEC || European Economic Community || Finland, Norway, Sweden
 +
|-
 +
| ESP || España || Spain
 +
|-
 +
| EUR || Europe || Australia, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
 +
|-
 +
| EUT || ? || Finland
 +
|-
 +
| EUU || European Union ? || Germany
 +
|-
 +
| FAH || ? || Belgium, France, Luxembourg, The Netherlands
 +
|-
 +
| FRA || France || Belgium, France, Switzerland
 +
|-
 +
| FRG || Federal Republic of Germany || Germany, Austria
 +
|-
 +
| GBR || Great Britain ||
 +
|-
 +
| GPS || ? ||
 +
|-
 +
| GRE || Greece || Greece
 +
|-
 +
| HKG || Hong Kong || Hong Kong (Early NES carts didn't have a region code)
 +
|-
 +
| HOL || Holland ||
 +
|-
 +
| ISR || Israel || Israel
 +
|-
 +
| ITA || Italy || Italy
 +
|-
 +
| JPN || Japan || Japan
 +
|-
 +
| KOR || Korea || South Korea (Early NES carts didn't have a region code)
 +
|-
 +
| LTN || Latin America ||
 +
|-
 +
| MSA || Mexico and South America ||
 +
|-
 +
| NOE || Nintendo of Europe || Austria, Germany, Switzerland
 +
|-
 +
| NOR || Norway || Norway
 +
|-
 +
| ROC || Republic of China || China
 +
|-
 +
| RUS || Russia || Russia
 +
|-
 +
| SCN || Scandinavia || Finland, Norway, Sweden
 +
|-
 +
| SWE || Sweden || Sweden
 +
|-
 +
| UKV || United Kingdom Version? || Australia, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
 +
|-
 +
| USA || United States of America || Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, United States of America, Uruguay
 +
|-
 +
| USZ || ? ||
 +
|}
 +
 +
==Media==
 +
<gallery>
 +
Nintendo World Championships 1990.pdf|Nintendo World Championships 1990 magazine.
 +
Official 1990 World of Nintendo Buyer's Guide, The.pdf|The Official 1990 World of Nintendo Buyer's Guide.
 +
Nintendo Collage.jpg|Nintendo collage.
 +
Andrew Dobson - Nintendo Localization.jpg|Andrew Dobson points out Nintendo's localization issues.
 +
Nintendo - Hardcore Console Puns.jpg|Hardcore console puns.
 +
Nintendo Controllers as Weapons.jpg|Nintendo controllers as weapons.
 +
Official Nintendo Sticker Album, The - Spiral - USA.pdf|The Nintendo Sticker Album.
 +
</gallery>
  
 
==Logos==
 
==Logos==
Line 97: Line 212:
 
Nintendo - Logo - 2006-2016.svg|(2006-2016)<br/>Changing the logo to gray was a poor decision. All it does is lessen the impact of the logo.
 
Nintendo - Logo - 2006-2016.svg|(2006-2016)<br/>Changing the logo to gray was a poor decision. All it does is lessen the impact of the logo.
 
Nintendo - Logo.svg|(2016-Present)<br/>Switching back to red was a good choice, but inverted designs like this work much better when the exterior isn't a boring rectangle.
 
Nintendo - Logo.svg|(2016-Present)<br/>Switching back to red was a good choice, but inverted designs like this work much better when the exterior isn't a boring rectangle.
</gallery>
 
 
==Gallery==
 
<gallery>
 
Nintendo Collage.jpg|Nintendo collage.
 
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 
==Links==
 
==Links==
* [https://www.nintendo.com nintendo.com] - Official.
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{{Link|Wikipedia|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nintendo}}
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nintendo en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nintendo] - Wikipedia.
+
{{Link|MobyGames|http://www.mobygames.com/company/nintendo-co-ltd}}
* [http://www.mobygames.com/company/nintendo-co-ltd mobygames.com/company/nintendo-co-ltd] - MobyGames.
+
{{Link|GameFAQs|https://gamefaqs.gamespot.com/company/1143-nintendo}}
 +
{{Link|YouTube|https://www.youtube.com/user/Nintendo}}
 +
{{Link|Official|https://www.nintendo.com}}
  
  
 
[[Category: Companies]]
 
[[Category: Companies]]
 
[[Category: Game Companies]]
 
[[Category: Game Companies]]
 +
[[Category: Video Game Companies]]
 +
[[Category: Toy Companies]]

Latest revision as of 13:21, 15 July 2021

Nintendo's logo.

Nintendo is a Japanese entertainment company founded in 1889 and headquartered in Kyoto, Japan. The company began as a manufacturer of playing cards, but got into the electronic gaming industry in the 1970s. They are now one of the largest video game companies in the world. Over the years, Nintendo has created arcade cabinets, dedicated home video game systems, video game consoles, hand held gaming devices, hundreds of games, dozens of video game peripherals, magazines, comic books, television shows, and even breakfast cereals. In addition to creating several of the world's largest video game franchises, the company is also responsible for defining many of the video game mechanics and genres in the medium.

Personal

I became aware of Nintendo in the mid-1980s with the American release of the Nintendo Entertainment System. I first saw it played at my baby-sitter's house who owned an NES with Super Mario Bros., Popeye, and a couple other games. I remember being amazed by it, but our baby-sitters (whom I hated) wouldn't let us play with it. A short while later, my brother and I bought an NES with our combined paper route money. We both bought and rented various games over the years. Nintendo fever was in full force at this time, and the majority of my friends had an NES and plenty of games. I was severely engrossed in video gaming, and it's mostly due to Nintendo. Around 1992, I got a Super Nintendo Entertainment System for Christmas and played many games. After the Nintendo 64 came out, I was becoming less interested in dedicated video game consoles, and I haven't bought a new system since.

I've read a couple books about the history of Nintendo, and I've become a bit disenfranchised with them. Despite their fun and playful public face they've actually been a very ruthless company that relied on anti-competitive tactics, shady business deals, and sold faulty hardware to become as popular as they were.

Video Game Platforms

These are the Nintendo platforms that are important to me.

Consoles

Handhelds

Games

As far as games go, Nintendo is my favorite video game developer, having created more of my favorite games and franchises than any other company. Here are some of the games Nintendo created that are important to me.

Game Boy

Game Boy Advance

Nintendo Entertainment System

Nintendo 64

Super Nintendo Entertainment System

Publications

Note: Several of these publications were made by other companies on behalf of Nintendo.

Film

Note: Several of these films were made by other companies on behalf of Nintendo.

Other

Staff

These are people who are (or were) employed by Nintendo whose work I appreciate.

Regional Codes

This table lists the regional codes used by Nintendo in their game catalog numbers. New codes were added over the years as publications became more targeted. Some early NES releases do not have a region code, but display the region in text on the label. Manuals often have a different code than the box in regions which have several languages. Some of the codes (EUR and UKV especially) are often used a catch-all codes for many continents.

Code Name Nations
ASI Asia China, South Korea (Early NES carts didn't have a region code)
ASM Asia (and Malaysia)?
AUS Australia Australia, New Zealand
CAN Canada Canada
CHN China China
DAN Denmark Denmark
EAH Belgium, The Netherlands
EEC European Economic Community Finland, Norway, Sweden
ESP España Spain
EUR Europe Australia, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
EUT  ? Finland
EUU European Union ? Germany
FAH  ? Belgium, France, Luxembourg, The Netherlands
FRA France Belgium, France, Switzerland
FRG Federal Republic of Germany Germany, Austria
GBR Great Britain
GPS  ?
GRE Greece Greece
HKG Hong Kong Hong Kong (Early NES carts didn't have a region code)
HOL Holland
ISR Israel Israel
ITA Italy Italy
JPN Japan Japan
KOR Korea South Korea (Early NES carts didn't have a region code)
LTN Latin America
MSA Mexico and South America
NOE Nintendo of Europe Austria, Germany, Switzerland
NOR Norway Norway
ROC Republic of China China
RUS Russia Russia
SCN Scandinavia Finland, Norway, Sweden
SWE Sweden Sweden
UKV United Kingdom Version? Australia, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
USA United States of America Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, United States of America, Uruguay
USZ  ?

Media

Logos

Nintendo has many earlier logos, but these are the ones that I'm familiar with.

Links

Link-Wikipedia.png  Link-MobyGames.png  Link-GameFAQs.png  Link-YouTube.png  Link-Official.png