Difference between revisions of "Ultima"

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[[Image:Ultima - A2 - USA.jpg|thumb|256x256px|Original Apple II cover.]]
 
[[Image:Ultima - A2 - USA.jpg|thumb|256x256px|Original Apple II cover.]]
  
'''''Ultima''''' is a computer role-playing game developed by [[Richard Garriott]] and published by [[California Pacific Computer Co.]] in 1981 for the [[Apple II]]. The game was remade as ''Ultima I'' in 1986 and released for several other platforms. This is the first Ultima title in the [[Ultima (universe)|series]] and was highly influential game in the computer RPG genre. In ''Ultima'', you play the role of a hero tasked with defeating the evil sorcerer Mondain to save all the lands. To do this you must explore the lands, visit kings who charge you with quests, slay many monsters, and even travel through space and time.
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'''''Ultima''''' is a computer [[role-playing]] game developed by [[Richard Garriott]] with help from [[Kenneth Arnold]] and published by [[California Pacific Computer Co.]] in 1981 for the [[Apple II]]. The game was remade as ''Ultima I'' in 1986 and released for several other platforms. And again on 1988 as ''Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness'' for Japanese platforms. This is the first Ultima title in the [[Ultima (universe)|series]] and was highly influential game in the computer RPG genre. In ''Ultima'', you play the role of a hero tasked with defeating the evil sorcerer Mondain to save the world. To do this you must explore the various continents, visit kings who charge you with quests, slay many monsters, and even travel through space and time.
 
 
The original Ultima game was programmed in [[Applesoft BASIC]] with the tile system written in assembly. Because of this, it had to be rewritten when it was ported to the Atari 8-bit in 1983. The game was rewritten from the ground up in [[6502 assembly]] for the ''Ultima I'' Apple II remake in 1986. This version had better graphics, over world monsters, and came with paper maps and a bag of coins. This version was ported to the Commodore 64 mostly as-is since the two platforms used the same CPU. The remake was rewritten in [[Intel assembly]] and ported to MS-DOS in 1987 with CGA, EGA, and Tandy 1000 support. It was redesigned from the ground up again when it was ported to the Japanese line of computers in 1988 with higher resolution graphics. It was reprogrammed one last time in 1994 for the Apple IIgs.
 
  
 
I've booted ''Ultima'' up a couple of times, but never played it very much. It's so out-dated now, I have little desire to try to beat it. Despite playing very little of the game, I have done quite a bit of work reverse engineering the DOS port and placed my results on [[ModdingWiki]].
 
I've booted ''Ultima'' up a couple of times, but never played it very much. It's so out-dated now, I have little desire to try to beat it. Despite playing very little of the game, I have done quite a bit of work reverse engineering the DOS port and placed my results on [[ModdingWiki]].
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===Box Art===
 
===Box Art===
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Ultima - A2 - USA.jpg|Original Apple II card from 1981. The original Ultima came in a plastic bag with this printed card. [[Denis Loubet]] painted a Persian warrior on a horse attacking a dragon swimming in magma. This uses the very first Ultima logo which is the [[Victorian]] typeface with a modified "m."
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Ultima - A2 - USA.jpg|Original Apple II card from 1981. The original ''Ultima'' came in a plastic bag with this printed card. [[Denis Loubet]] painted a Persian warrior on a horse attacking a dragon swimming in magma. This uses the very first ''Ultima'' logo which is the [[Victorian]] typeface with a modified "m."
 
Ultima I - A8 - USA.jpg|The Atari 8-bit box of 1983 uses the art from ''Ultima II'' that wrapped to the back of the box, and the logo is modified from the ''Ultima II'' logo. I think this art better depicts the game's space elements even if it wasn't made with the original ''Ultima'' in mind.
 
Ultima I - A8 - USA.jpg|The Atari 8-bit box of 1983 uses the art from ''Ultima II'' that wrapped to the back of the box, and the logo is modified from the ''Ultima II'' logo. I think this art better depicts the game's space elements even if it wasn't made with the original ''Ultima'' in mind.
Ultima I - C64 - USA.jpg|Remake box of 1986 used for Apple II, Apple IIgs, Commodore 64, and MS-DOS. The remake box uses the same artwork as the original, but shows more of it. It also uses the taller Ultima logo with a metallic effect and adds a Roman numeral I to it. The Origin Systems logo is added to the bottom.
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Ultima I - C64 - USA.jpg|Remake box of 1986 used for Apple II, Apple IIgs, Commodore 64, and MS-DOS. The remake box uses the same artwork as the original, but shows more of it. It also uses the taller ''Ultima'' logo with a metallic effect and adds a Roman numeral I to it. The Origin Systems logo is added to the bottom.
Ultima I - PC98 - Japan.jpg|Japanese release of 1988 for MSX2, PC88, PC98, Sharp X1. This box zooms in on Loubet's artwork a little uses the later Ultima logo, and adds the retconned subtitle, "The First Age of Darkness."
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Ultima I - PC98 - Japan.jpg|Japanese release of 1988 for MSX2, PC88, PC98, Sharp X1. This box zooms in on Loubet's artwork a little uses the Japanese ''Ultima'' logo, and adds the retconned subtitle, "The First Age of Darkness."
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
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Ultima - Sierra Ad For Ultima 1 and 2 - 1986.jpg|Sierra Atari 8-bit ad.
 
Ultima - Sierra Ad For Ultima 1 and 2 - 1986.jpg|Sierra Atari 8-bit ad.
 
Ultima I - C64 - Manual.pdf|Remake manual.
 
Ultima I - C64 - Manual.pdf|Remake manual.
 +
Ultima I - A2 - Remake Paper Maps.jpg|Paper map remakes (high-res, bad color).
 
Ultima I - A2 - Map - Lands of Danger and Despair.jpg|Paper map from the remake, Lands of Danger and Despair.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Map - Lands of Danger and Despair.jpg|Paper map from the remake, Lands of Danger and Despair.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Map - Lands of Lord British.jpg|Paper map from the remake, Lands of Lord British.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Map - Lands of Lord British.jpg|Paper map from the remake, Lands of Lord British.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Map - Lands of the Dark Unknown.jpg|Paper map from the remake, Lands of the Dark Unknown.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Map - Lands of the Dark Unknown.jpg|Paper map from the remake, Lands of the Dark Unknown.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Map - Lands of the Feudal Lords.jpg|Paper map from the remake, Lands of the Feudal Lords.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Map - Lands of the Feudal Lords.jpg|Paper map from the remake, Lands of the Feudal Lords.
Ultima I - A2 - Coin Bag.jpg|Bag of coins that came with the remake.
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Ultima I - C64 - Map - Lands of Danger and Despair.jpg|Alternate paper map remake, Lands of Danger and Despair.
 +
Ultima I - C64 - Map - Lands of Lord British.jpg|Alternate paper map remake, Lands of Lord British.
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Ultima I - C64 - Map - Lands of the Dark Unknown.jpg|Alternate paper map remake, Lands of the Dark Unknown.
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Ultima I - C64 - Map - Lands of the Feudal Lords.jpg|Alternate paper map remake, Lands of the Feudal Lords.
 +
Ultima I - A2 - Coins - Obverse.jpg|Bag of coins (obverse) that came with the remake.
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Ultima I - A2 - Coins - Reverse.jpg|Bag of coins (reverse) that came with the remake.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Ad.jpg|Apple II ad for the remake.
 
Ultima I - A2 - Ad.jpg|Apple II ad for the remake.
 
Ultima I - C64 - Reference Card.pdf|Commodore 64 reference card.
 
Ultima I - C64 - Reference Card.pdf|Commodore 64 reference card.
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* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrQFzWO4pYo youtube.com/watch?v=NrQFzWO4pYo] - Longplay, Apple II remake.
 
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrQFzWO4pYo youtube.com/watch?v=NrQFzWO4pYo] - Longplay, Apple II remake.
 
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XUsdNh7J_A youtube.com/watch?v=7XUsdNh7J_A] - Longplay, DOS.
 
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XUsdNh7J_A youtube.com/watch?v=7XUsdNh7J_A] - Longplay, DOS.
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 +
==Releases==
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Richard Garriott started programming ''Ultima'' in his freshman year of college using [[Applesoft BASIC]] with the graphic tile drawing code written by Ken Arnold in [[6502 assembly]]. The game was published on the [[Apple II]] in 1981. The game was later ported to the [[Atari 8-bit]] line in 1983 and the BASIC portions were probably rewritten in [[Atari BASIC]]. The game was rewritten from the ground up in [[6502 assembly]] under the title ''Ultima I'' and released for the Apple II and [[Commodore 64]]. This version had better graphics, more town maps, and came with paper maps and a bag of coins. This version was rewritten in [[Intel assembly]] and ported to [[MS-DOS]] in 1987. The game was completely reprogrammed again when it was ported to five Japanese home computers spanning 1988-1990. Although each Japanese port shares a similar graphics and music style (the quality level differs per platform), the [[PC-98]], [[PC-88]], and [[FM Towns]] ports were probably written in [[Intel Assembly]], while the [[Sharp X1]] and [[MSX2]] ports were probably written in [[Z80 Assembly]]. The game was completely reprogrammed one last time for the Apple IIgs in 1994, probably in [[65C02 Assembly]].
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{| class="wikitable sortable"
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! Released !! Title !! Platform !! Primary Developer !! Publisher !! Programming Language
 +
|-
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| 1981-??-?? || Ultima || [[Apple II]] || [[Richard Garriott]] || [[California Pacific Computer Co.]] || [[Applesoft BASIC]]
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|-
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| 1983-??-?? || Ultima I || [[Atari 8-bit]] || [[Sigma Micro Systems]] || [[Sierra On-Line]] || Probably [[Atari BASIC]]
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|-
 +
| 1986-??-?? || Ultima I || [[Apple II]] || [[Origin Systems]] || [[Origin Systems]] || [[6502 Assembly]]
 +
|-
 +
| 1986-??-?? || Ultima I || [[Commodore 64]] || [[Dav Holle]] || Origin Systems || 6502 Assembly
 +
|-
 +
| 1987-??-?? || Ultima I || [[MS-DOS]] || [[John Fachini]] || Origin Systems || [[Intel Assembly]]
 +
|-
 +
| 1988-12-21 || Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness || [[PC-98]] || [[Newtopia Planning]] || [[Pony Canyon]] || Probably Intel Assembly
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|-
 +
| 1988-12-?? || Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness || [[PC-88]] || Newtopia Planning || Pony Canyon || Probably Intel Assembly
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|-
 +
| 1988-??-?? || Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness || [[Sharp X1]] || Newtopia planning || Pony Canyon || Probably [[Z80 Assembly]]
 +
|-
 +
| 1989-??-?? || Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness || [[MSX2]] || Newtopia Planning || Pony Canyon || Probably Z80 Assembly
 +
|-
 +
| 1990-10-?? || Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness || [[FM Towns]] || Newtopia Planning || [[Fujitsu Interactive]] || Probably Intel Assembly
 +
|-
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| 1994-??-?? || Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness || [[Apple IIgs]] || [[Rebecca Heineman]] || [[Shareware Solutions II]] || Probably [[65C02 Assembly]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
* [http://wiki.ultimacodex.com/wiki/Computer_Ports_of_Ultima_I wiki.ultimacodex.com/wiki/Computer_Ports_of_Ultima_I] - Ultima Codex Wiki - Ports.
  
 
==Links==
 
==Links==
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[[Category: Games]]
 
[[Category: Games]]
 
[[Category: Video Games]]
 
[[Category: Video Games]]
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[[Category: Video Game Prime Order - Strategy, Adventure, Action]]
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[[Category: Game Mechanic - Playable Female Character]]
 
[[Category: Apple II Games]]
 
[[Category: Apple II Games]]
 
[[Category: Apple IIgs Games]]
 
[[Category: Apple IIgs Games]]
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[[Category: Role-Playing Game]]
 
[[Category: Role-Playing Game]]
 
[[Category: Fantasy]]
 
[[Category: Fantasy]]
[[Category: Playable Female Character]]
 

Latest revision as of 08:56, 13 November 2019

Original Apple II cover.

Ultima is a computer role-playing game developed by Richard Garriott with help from Kenneth Arnold and published by California Pacific Computer Co. in 1981 for the Apple II. The game was remade as Ultima I in 1986 and released for several other platforms. And again on 1988 as Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness for Japanese platforms. This is the first Ultima title in the series and was highly influential game in the computer RPG genre. In Ultima, you play the role of a hero tasked with defeating the evil sorcerer Mondain to save the world. To do this you must explore the various continents, visit kings who charge you with quests, slay many monsters, and even travel through space and time.

I've booted Ultima up a couple of times, but never played it very much. It's so out-dated now, I have little desire to try to beat it. Despite playing very little of the game, I have done quite a bit of work reverse engineering the DOS port and placed my results on ModdingWiki.

Status

I own two copies of the PC remake published in the Complete Ultima CD-ROM compilation. I have not beaten the game or even played it much.

Review

I don't know enough about this game to review it.

Media

Box Art

Documentation

Maps

Videos

Releases

Richard Garriott started programming Ultima in his freshman year of college using Applesoft BASIC with the graphic tile drawing code written by Ken Arnold in 6502 assembly. The game was published on the Apple II in 1981. The game was later ported to the Atari 8-bit line in 1983 and the BASIC portions were probably rewritten in Atari BASIC. The game was rewritten from the ground up in 6502 assembly under the title Ultima I and released for the Apple II and Commodore 64. This version had better graphics, more town maps, and came with paper maps and a bag of coins. This version was rewritten in Intel assembly and ported to MS-DOS in 1987. The game was completely reprogrammed again when it was ported to five Japanese home computers spanning 1988-1990. Although each Japanese port shares a similar graphics and music style (the quality level differs per platform), the PC-98, PC-88, and FM Towns ports were probably written in Intel Assembly, while the Sharp X1 and MSX2 ports were probably written in Z80 Assembly. The game was completely reprogrammed one last time for the Apple IIgs in 1994, probably in 65C02 Assembly.

Released Title Platform Primary Developer Publisher Programming Language
1981-??-?? Ultima Apple II Richard Garriott California Pacific Computer Co. Applesoft BASIC
1983-??-?? Ultima I Atari 8-bit Sigma Micro Systems Sierra On-Line Probably Atari BASIC
1986-??-?? Ultima I Apple II Origin Systems Origin Systems 6502 Assembly
1986-??-?? Ultima I Commodore 64 Dav Holle Origin Systems 6502 Assembly
1987-??-?? Ultima I MS-DOS John Fachini Origin Systems Intel Assembly
1988-12-21 Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness PC-98 Newtopia Planning Pony Canyon Probably Intel Assembly
1988-12-?? Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness PC-88 Newtopia Planning Pony Canyon Probably Intel Assembly
1988-??-?? Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness Sharp X1 Newtopia planning Pony Canyon Probably Z80 Assembly
1989-??-?? Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness MSX2 Newtopia Planning Pony Canyon Probably Z80 Assembly
1990-10-?? Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness FM Towns Newtopia Planning Fujitsu Interactive Probably Intel Assembly
1994-??-?? Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness Apple IIgs Rebecca Heineman Shareware Solutions II Probably 65C02 Assembly

Links

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